If owls formed a pest management company, they’d be in high demand. Depending on species and location, owls feed on a wide variety of varmints and pests. Small owls, such as screech owls, eat everything from insects, snails and spiders to mice. Larger owls, such as barn owls and great horned owls, feast on voles, moles, mice, chipmunks, squirrels, rabbits and occasionally reptiles such as snakes. It’s biological pest management as nature intended.
There are about 250 species of owls in the world and they can be identified by appearance and sound. Although each species has its distinguishing features, owls generally share these common characteristics: a large, round head; overly large forward-facing eyes; downward beak; and large talons. Owls have exceptional vision, particularly at dusk and dawn when they hunt, as well as acute hearing due to asymmetrical ear placement. Those features, and the ability to fly silently, make them superior night hunters.